|Michel de Klerk is probably the best known of the architects comprising the Amsterdam school, a movement originating in about 1915 and involving not only architecture but other arts and crafts as well--furniture design, sculpture, typography, and textile design, for example. This movement is characterized by expressionism, creative use of materials and forms that are not only functional but creative as well--note, for example, the fenestration in this building as well as the unusual roof lines. This building has attained iconic status as representative of Amsterdam School principles.|
The short side of the triangular-shaped buildingThis "workers' palace" built for a socialist housing association, is called "the ship" in part because of its triangular plan. This was the third complex De Klerk designed in the Spaarndammerbuurt district in northwestern Amsterdam; it is the most famous and expresses the architect's vision most fully. Here on the short side of the triangle, the five story building drops down to two stories and faces a small square. The tall tower is only decorative, not functional. The site was in fact triangular and a school was already there which the architect incorporated in his plan. (This third side of the building is not pictured.) The wings here also terminate in rounded corners.
The five-story housing blocks flanking the short side with the towerOriginally this residential building had 102 dwellings for workers, a school, a meeting room, and a post office). The Post Office (not pictured) is now a small museum.
|Note that the wings end in rounded corners and the roof, which is lower on this side, has a vernacular feel--perhaps like local farms.|
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