|When Rivera returned to his work on this monumental stairway in 1935, he acted again as social critic noting in paint that in spite of the 1910-20 Revolution, society was still characterized by class divisions|
The left wall of the monumental stairwayKarl Marx has pride of place at the top of this mural holding a banner indicating the need for forming a new society and pointing to the utopian future at the left--a productive agrarian and industrial economy. Standing behind him to the right are the people, the workers. Under him are the villains--corrupt clergy, military and ruthless capitalists. The businessmen examine the ticker tape while a priest fondles a near-naked woman. Above Marx there is a rising sun--in contrast to the descending one of the opposite Quetzalcoatl mural, a sign of the luminous world to be born when following the precepts of Marx.
|The U. S. businessmen above the corrupt priest are from left to right: John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Harry Sinclair, William Durant, John Pierpont Morgan, Cornelius Vanderbilt, and Andrew Mellon. The panel to the right of them includes the unholy triumvirate with government, represented by Plutaraco Elfas Calles in the center, flanked by a general who seems to be on the phone and a bishop.|
Top left and center rightStriking workers are being attacked (and killed) by reactionaries and fascists. (Note the Nazi symbol.) The police force supports the rich and powerful, attacking the people.
Frida Kahlo, Diego River's wife, and her sister Cristina, teachers of MarxismCristina, in a red dress, (with whom Rivera was having an affair at the time) holds an open copy of the Communist Manifesto.
Center and lower rightOn either side of the Virgin of Guadalupe are flags of the U. S. and Mexico and under her image a machine takes in money enriching the corrupt church.
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