Puerta del Perdón, a mudéjar gateway added in 1377Today this is the main entrance into the courtyard.
Patio de los NaranjosThis typical Islamic courtyard preserves both the orange trees, planted in rows, and the fountains, necessary for ablutions before prayer. (Note the red brick fountain in the foreground of both photographs.)
The 16th century bell towerOriginally a minaret had been built into the wall of the courtyard but it was replaced by the Christian bell tower.
The north wall of the mosqueOriginally there was no solid wall separating the mosque from the courtyard. The side shown (see especially the far right photo) was open to the courtyard, illustrating the belief that the mosque should be related to the life of the city. Then all nineteen naves were open which made the interior rows of columns inside echo the trees planted in rows outside. Light could also filter through the openings as well.
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