Department Store de Bijenkorf

Marcel Breuer
1955-57




A boxy department store

Breuer had studied at the Bauhaus, which partly accounts for the simplicity of form, although the sealed box functions well for sales floors.
 

Tiny vertical windows for the store interior; restaurant and offices with larger windows

There are, of course, display windows all along the ground floor. The facade is clad in travertine, mostly in a honeycomb pattern. (Bijenkorf means beehive.)
 

Monumental sculpture, so-called The Thing, by the Russian sculptor Naum Gabo

This was apparently added because Breuer's design did not conform to the building line next to the grand avenue (Coolsingel). This venerable department store is across the street from the grand Exchange and World Trade Center.



Works Cited or Consulted: Groenendijk, Paul and Piet Vollaard. Architecture Guide to the Netherlands 1900-2000. Rotterdam: Uitgeverij, 2006.
Groenendijk, Paul and Piet Vollaard. Architecture Guide to Rotterdam. Rotterdam: Uitgeverij, 2007.
Groenendijk, Paul and Piet Vollaard. Guide to Contemporary Architecture in the Netherlands. Rotterdam: Uitgeverij, 2004.



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