Semperoper, Theaterplatz

Gottfried Semper
1841; 1878 rebuilt after a devastating fire according to the original design; 1985, total reconstruction after bombing of Dresden in World War Two




In the old city, this monumental building is the centerpiece, often described as one of Europe's most spectacular opera houses. The current building is the third iteration since a few decades after it was finished, a fire destroyed much of the building and it was rebuilt according to Semper's plans by Manfred Semper, the architect's son. Again during World War Two, the building was destroyed. While new stage machinery and modern techniques were used in the 20th century remodel, the design remained true to the style of Semper.

The building is essentially eclectic, a trend common in 19th century historicism. It is sometimes defined as "Dresden Baroque" architecture while it has similarities with Italian Renaissance architecture as well as both Greek and Roman revival architecture. The emphasis on sculpture is also common in Baroque architecture. Monuments on the portal depict artists, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, William Shakespeare, Sophocles, Molière and Euripides.

Left: oblique view from the side; Center: front view; Right: outermost bay on the left with Sophocles, holding a theatrical mask, in the top arch

 

Center: entrance portal (See below for details); Right: Johannes Schilling, Panther quadriga with Dionysos and Ariadne, 1871–1877

 
 

Classical architectural details

The style might be defined as classical revival or even Baroque. Some call it simply eclectic! Windows framed by columns (aedicules) are common in Italian Renaissance architecture; bucrania and swags occur in Roman architecture.
 

Statue at entrance portal, left side: Ernst Friedrich August Rietschel, the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first half of 19th century?



 

Statue at entrance portal, right side: Ernst Friedrich August Rietschel, the poet Friedrich Schiller, first half of 19th century?







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