Jewish Museum--page 3 (of four pages with interiors and exteriors)

Daniel Libeskind

Axis of Exile

Three axes cross on the lower level of the Libeskind building, symbolizing three historical developments of Jewish life in Germany: the Axis of Exile, the Axis of the Holocaust, and the Axis of Continuity. The last Axis leads to a staircase which directs visitors to the entrance of the permanent exhibit, located in the new building.


Garden of Exile

The Axis of Exile leads to the Garden of Exile, located outside on the south side of the Libeskind building. The 49 piers topped with olive trees are erected on slanting ground. Like so much of the plan of the building, here the ground is supposed to give one a sense of dizziness or disorientation. The olive bushes are overhead, unreachable. All this is intentional because Libeskind designed this spatial experience to suggest the disorientation and instability felt by those who were forced to flee and exiled from Germany.


Stairs and windows

Stairs and hallways have odd cross bars and beams; window have little relation to the floors, slashing through floors and ceilings.

Continue to page 4.

Works Consulted or Quoted:
Rainer Haubrich et al. Berlin: The Architecture Guide. Braun Publishing, 2016. (German first edition, 2001)
Michael Imhof and Leon Krempel. Berlin. New Architecture: A Guide to the new Buildings from 1989 to today. Michael Imhof Verlag, 2012.

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© 2017 Mary Ann Sullivan. I have photographed (on site) and manipulated all the images on these pages. Please feel free to use them for personal or educational purposes. They are not available for commercial purposes.