The Old Palace YardThe supervisor of the sculpture team was John Thomas, who also designed much of the sculpture. Sculptural decoration includes life-sized figures on the facade and throughout the interior as well as coats of arms and heraldic symbols.
Royal badges in panelled transoms above the windows and the portcullis with the crownCarvings of the portcullis, with and without the crown, decorate the facade and connect the parliament building with the nearby Henry VII's Chapel, where the symbol represents the Beaufort family.
|"It was at this period that it became the accepted symbol for Parliament" (Riding 115). (See also the carved portcullis below.)|
The New Palace Yard
Center: lamp; right: fence railingsThe railings were designed by Sir Charles Barry's son, E. M. Barry, and executed by John Hardman.
Work Consulted and/or Cited:
Roger Dixon and Stefan Muthesius. Victorian Architecture. London: Thames and Hudson, 2001 (reprint; original copyright, 1978).
M. H. Port, editor. The Houses of Parliament. New Haven: Yale UP, 1976.
Christine Riding and Jacqueline Riding. The Houses of Parliament: History, Art, Architecture.. London: Merrell, 2000.
Ann Saunders. The Art and Architecture of London. London: Phaidon, 1984; 2000.
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