Biology at Bluffton College


A student majoring in biology receives a broad preparation consisting of a core of ciology plus the chemistry, physics and mathematics vital to the field of biology. This preparation will serve as a basis for entering fields such as teaching, biological research, medical and naturalist professions and agriculture.

Pre-medicine students whould seek advice during the first year to help them decide if they should major in chemistry, biology, both or pre-medicine.

Students interested in high-school teaching must pursue a "life science" teaching license. This license is the only license available for biology teachers in Ohio. Most students can expect to add a semester to the four-year program to meet student teaching requirements. Prospective teachers must begin the teacher-education program early be taking some education courses during the first or sophomore year. Therefore students should indicate their desire to teach to the Science Department as early as possible so they can receive scheduling advice.

Major (65 hours)
Required biology courses:

BIO 135 Botany (4)
BIO 200 Genetics (4)
BIO 205 Invertebrate Zoology (4)
BIO 230 Anatomy and Physiology 1 (4)
BIO 231 Anatomy and Physiology 2 (4)
BIO 235 Cell Biology (4)
BIO 301 Microbiology (4)
BIO 310 Developmental Biology (4)
BIO 330 General Ecology (4)

Required chemistry courses:

CEM 121 General Inorganic Chemistry 1 (5)
CEM 122 General Inorganic Chemistry 2 (5)
CEM 221 Organic Chemistry 1 (4)

Required physics courses:

PHY 211 Physics for Science and Engineering 1 (5)
PHY 212 Physics for Science and Engineering 2 (5)

Required mathematics course:

MAT 135 Calculus 1 (5)

The above courses include one-half year each of organic chemistry and calculus. Many graduate programs would expect the biology student to have taken the full year of organic chemistry and the full year of calculus. Biochemistry is also often recommended.

Courses
BIO 135 Botany (4)
An introduction to the diversity of organisms belonging to the plant kingdom. Organisms are studied from perspectives of structure and function, evolution, relationship to ecosystem, importance to humans. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week.

BIO 200 Genetics (4)
A study of the transmission, structure and functions of genes. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite:
CEM 130 or permission of instructor. Not open to first-year students without permission.

BIO 205 Invertebrate Zoology(4)
A survey of the diversity of invertebrates, from single-celled protozoa to complex insects. Structure, behavior and ecology will receive special focus. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite:
CEM 121. Offered alternate years.

BIO 230 Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 (4)
An introduction to structure and function of cells and tissues. The focus in on skin, bones and muscles, and how people use and maintain them. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite:
CEM 130, NCS 112 or permission of instructor. Not open to first-year students.

BIO 231 Human Anatomy and Physiology 2 (4)
A study of the function and interrelationships of human internal organs. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite:
BIO 230 and CEM 221 or permission of instructor. Not open to first-year students.

BIO 235 Cell Biology (4)
A study of cells including structure and function of membranes, structure and function of organelles, metabolism and energy transformations in cells, hereditary molecules, cell division, the cell cycle, cancer. Three lectures, one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite:
CEM 221. This course is also listed as CEM 235.

BIO 299 Special Topics in Biology (credit varies)
By arrangement.

BIO 301 Microbiology (4)
A study of microorganisms emphasizing their structure, metabolic processes, genetics, importance as producers of disease, as well as their many useful functions in the biotic community. The lab emphasizes learning how to work with microorganisms. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite:
BIO 235 or CEM 235.

BIO 310 Developmental Biology (4)
A study of the mechanisms of development of such animals as sea urchins, frogs, birds and mammals. Organismal and cellular reproduction, intercellular communication, cellular specialization and elaboration of organs and body regions will be analyzed. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite:
BIO 200 or permission of instructor. Offered alternate years.

BIO 330 General Ecology (4)
A study of the relationship among plants and animals and their interactions with the physical environment. The role of humans in nature and effect on the ecosystem is also emphasized. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites:
BIO 135 and junior or senior standing. Recommended: BIO 301.

BIO 340 Animal Behavior (4)
Social contexts of the nature and nurture of learning and behavior among monkeys and apes. Dominance hierarchies and cooperation, conflict and reconciliation within societies will be some of the topics of analysis. Three lectures, one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites:
NCS 112 or other college-level biology course, and junior or senior standing. Offered alternate years.

BIO 390 Independent Study in Biology (1-3)
By arrangement. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing in biology.


Modified 10/5/00