Types of research

Applications for Institutional Review Board approval of research involving human subjects require three items:

  1. A brief discussion of the proposed research and its potential impacts on human subjects.
  2. Documentation of informed consent procedures or justification of non-use.
    • Informed consent is information for potential participants in a research project that:
      • Describes what the research is
      • Describes how a subject would participate
      • Assures that participation is voluntary
      • Assures confidentiality  
  3. A completed IRB certification form that classifies the level of review appropriate for the research as either “exempt from further review,” requiring “expedited review” or requiring “full review”.

Examples of research
EXEMPT FROM FURTHER REVIEW
  1. Research involving normal educational practices.
  2. Research using standard educational tests, or interviews, surveys, or observations of public behavior; unless: 1) individuals will be identifiable in research reports, and 2) identified subjects could suffer any adverse consequences from publication of these findings.
  3. Taste and food quality evaluations that do not involve ingredients that are regulated by health and safety criteria.

A departmental representative to the IRB and the chair or secretary of that board are the only individuals that will need to sign off on applications for these kinds of research projects.
certification form

Examples of research for
EXPEDITED REVIEW
  1. Research using noninvasive medical procedures on adults, where confidentiality of the results is not a concern.
  2. Research involving moderate exercise by healthy volunteers.
  3. Research on individual or group behaviors that will not involve stress or other risks to the subjects.
  4. Research involving public documents concerning identifiable individuals.
  5. Collection of data from voice, video, digital or image recordings made for research purposes.
  6. Research on individual or group characteristics or behavior (including, but not limited to, research on perception, cognition, motivation, identity, language, communication, cultural beliefs or practices, and social behavior) or research employing survey, interview, oral history, focus group, program evaluation, human factors evaluation, or quality assurance methodologies. (See the criteria listed above concerning research “Exempt from Further Review” for possible exceptions to this category.)

 A departmental representative to the IRB, the chair of that board, and the secretary or one other board member need to sign off on applications for these kinds of research projects.
certification form

Research for
FULL REVIEW by the IRB
  1. Research that may involve stress or other risks of harm to health, reputation or social standing of human subjects.
  2. The researcher’s application should
    • demonstrate that you have considered alternatives
    • explain why the ends justify the means
    • explain how risks will be minimized
    • document full informed consent procedures or justify a degree of non-use of such procedures
    • explain follow-up procedures offered or available after the project

A departmental representative to the IRB, the chair or secretary of that board and a majority of all board members need to sign off on applications for this kind of research project.
certification form