Giovanni Bologna (or Giambologna or Jean Boulogne)
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Born in Flanders as Jean Boulogne, Giovanni Bologna was a master of small bronzes. Note the coiled serpents on the caduceus, a tour de force of bronze casting. Like many mannerist artists, he was typically uninterested in subject matter or content. The style is all-important.
His sculptures are meant to be seen from various viewing angles. He designs spiral compositions with beautiful silhouettes and flowing curves.
The wind supporting Mercury
A kind of Mannerist "joke," Mercury's flight is supported by the wind. Giovanni Bologna also did the largest of Renaissance sculptures, Apennine--a huge figure about thirty feet tall in stones and brick with three stories of rooms inside the figure.
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